Another US Dollar Warning

Forget Greece, The US Almost Had A Failed Treasury Auction
By: Graham Summers Friday, February 12, 2010 1:50 PM

While most of the investment world focuses on the various "senior officials" (none of whom seem to have actual names or positions) commenting on whether Greece will or will not be bailed out/ receive an emergency loan/ offered moral support, etc, a far more significant debt story is emerging in the US.

On Wednesday the US offered $16 billion worth of 30-year Treasuries (US debt that will mature in 30 years). Before we get into the details of how much of a disaster the auction was we're going to do a brief review of how US debt issuances work.

US Debt is issued by the US Treasury. You can bid as much as 30 days in advance of a debt auction. When the auction actually takes place investors can buy directly (Direct Buyers) by buying Treasuries themselves OR they can buy indirectly (Indirect Buyers) by using a Primary Dealer: one of 18 Banks and Securities Brokers who do business directly with the US Federal Reserve Bank of NY and so HAVE to buy Treasuries at auctions to insure liquidity.

Direct buyers buy "off the radar" meaning you cannot track who the buyer is.

On Wednesday, February 10 2010, the US Treasury issued $16 billion in 30-year Treasuries. Here are the buyer data points:

Purchase Amount (%)
Primary Dealers

Direct Buyers
24% (A RECORD)

Indirect Buyers

First of all, we see Direct Buyers hit a RECORD percentage of purchases. This is extremely bizarre and somewhat disconcerting given that we have no way of know who these buyers are. For all we know they could be the Federal Reserve itself or other US-Government entities buying "off the radar."

Indeed, on that note we know that the US Federal Reserve accounted for 11% of the total purchases. Folks, you're not dealing with a healthy debt auction when the Fed accounts for 10% of purchases.

However, far, FAR more worrisome is the pathetic Indirect Buyer takedown: 28%. Historically this number has been more around 40% (Tyler at ZeroHedge notes that the average Indirect purchase of the last four long-term Treasury auctions was 39.9%). To see such a MASSIVE drop off in Indirect Buyers (40% down to 28%) is a MAJOR warning sign that Foreign Governments are no longer willing to buy long-term US debt.

This auction was a very small step away from a failed auction. To see Primary Dealers buying so much (remember they HAVE to buy it) and Indirect Buyers so little, only confirms what I've been saying for months, that the US is entering a Debt Spiral: a situation in which it must issue more and more debt (while rolling over trillions of old debt) at the very time that fewer and fewer investors are willing to lend to the US for any lengthy period of time (more than ten years).

Folks, forget Greece, the US has its own debt problems. And they're MAJOR. The fact that stocks RALLIED on this news tells you how disconnected stocks are from reality. The Debt Spiral has started and is now accelerating. It's only a matter of time before it becomes a full-fledged Crisis. And this one will make 2008 look like a cakewalk.

Read more here:


We are at the Zero Hour.

At the zero hour, governments adding new debt not only do not increase economic activity, they detract from it.

For more on this topic check here.